The credit is specifically targeted to help small businesses and tax-exempt organizations that
primarily employ moderate-income workers and lower-income workers. For tax-exempt employers,
the credit is a refundable tax credit limited to the amount of the payroll taxes (as defined below).
During the first phase of the credit, (i.e., tax years beginning in 2010, 2011, 2012, or 2013), the
amount of a tax-exempt employer’s credit is generally 25% of the employer’s non-elective
contributions toward the employees’ health insurance premiums. In the second phase of the credit
(i.e., tax years beginning after 2013), the amount of the credit is generally 35% of the non-elective
contributions. For tax years beginning in 2014 ), the amount of a tax-exempt employer’s credit is
generally 50% of the employer’s non-elective contributions
An employer qualifying for the credit (i.e., an eligible small employer or ESE) has to meet all of the
(1) The employer can’t have more than 25 full-time equivalent (FTE) employees for the tax year. An
employer’s full-time equivalent (FTE) employees are determined by dividing the total hours worked
by all employees during the year by 2,080 (rounded down to the nearest whole number).
(2) The average annual wages of the employees can’t exceed $50,000 (for tax years beginning after
2013, the dollar amount is indexed for inflation) for the tax year. The average annual wages are
determined by dividing the total wages the employer pays by the number of its full-time equivalent
(FTE) employees and then rounding that number down to the nearest $1,000.
(3) The employer has to contribute at least 50% of the premiums for the employees’ health
insurance coverage on a uniform basis. However, for tax years beginning in 2010 only, an employer
can meet this requirement even if it pays differing percentages of different employees’ premiums as
long as all employer payments are at least 50% of each employee’s premium based on single
(employee only) coverage.
The amount of the credit gradually phases out if the number of an eligible small employer’s full-time
equivalent (FTE) employees:
o exceeds ten or
o if the average annual wages of the employees exceed $25,000.
Under the phase-out, the full amount of the credit is available only to an employer with:
o Ten or fewer FTE employees and whose employees have average annual wages of
less than $25,000.
o However, an employer with exactly 25 FTE employees or average annual wages
exactly equal to $50,000 is not in fact eligible for the credit.
Since the eligibility rules are based in part on the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) employees,
not the number of employees, in certain circumstances, an organization that uses part-time help can
qualify for the credit even if they employ more than 25 individuals.
A tax-exempt ESE’s credit is limited to the amount of its payroll taxes during the calendar year in
which the tax year begins. For this purpose, payroll taxes are amounts required to be withheld from
the wages of the employees of the tax-exempt ESE as income tax withholding, amounts required to
be withheld from the wages of the employees as Medicare taxes, and amounts of the taxes imposed
on the tax-exempt ESE as the employer portion of Medicare taxes.
o For the first phase of the credit, an ESE can claim the credit on qualifying health
insurance purchased from an insurance company licensed under state law. If an
employer pays only a portion of the premiums for the coverage provided to employees
under the arrangement (with employees paying the rest), only the portion paid by the
employer is taken into account. For example, if an employer pays 80% of the premiums
for employees’ coverage (with employees paying the other 20%), the 80% premium
amount paid by the employer counts in calculating the amount of the credit.
o For the second phase of the credit, the credit is only available if the ESE purchases
health insurance coverage for its employees through a state exchange. Also, during the
second phase, the credit is only available for a maximum coverage period of two
consecutive tax years beginning with the first year in which the employer or any
predecessor first offers one or more qualified plans to its employees through an
exchange. The maximum two-year coverage period does not take into account any tax
years beginning before 2014. Thus, an ESE can potentially qualify for the credit for six
tax years, four years under the first phase and two years under the second phase.
Please let us know if you have any questions concerning the credit or if we can assist you in
determining whether your organization can benefit from claiming the credit.